Caves are some of the world’s most beautiful and impressive natural wonders. These underground worlds can develop via a variety of ways, but are quite often the result of millions of years of erosion and rock formation through rain. Here are some of the most intriguing caves from across the world that ought to be on every travelling troglodyte’s bucket list.
Skocjan cave, Slovenia
The largest cave in Europe, this hidden treasure has no shortage of stalagmites and stalactites offering several huge chambers. It’s also thought to have one of the biggest underground canyons in the world, which you can take a bridge across on a guided tour. This cave was inhabited during prehistoric times, and so you can walk in the footsteps of cavemen. Skocjan can be easily reached via car – the nearest train station is Divaca railway station and there are villages and campsites in the area for accommodation.
Waitomo Glowworms Cave, New Zealand
This cave is special for the creatures that inhabit it. Thousands of tiny glowworms live on the rocks illuminating the cave like a night sky full of stars. Visitors can take a boat trip through the cave and take in the spectacular sight. Waitomo is about three hours from Auckland.
La Jolla Caves, USA
California’s La Jolla Caves are only accessible by water and attract many visitors each year. You can visit them via kayak as part of a tour dependent on the tides. The water around the caves is inhabited by sea lions – you may even spot a leopard shark too. La Jolla is just north of San Diego past Mission Bay and Pacific Beach. Those visiting from afar should check San Diego visitor information for oversea visitors. You can travel there via road.
Eisriesenwelt Ice Cave, Austria
Eisriesenwelt means ‘land of the giants’. The cave measures a whopping 42 kilometres and contains all manner of dramatic ice formations such as the Ice Organ and Hymir’s Castle. It was formed by erosion from the Salzach river. Over time thawing snow and has continuously frozen in the cave creating the ice formations within. The Ice caves can be located 40 kilometres south of Salzburg. They are only open between May and October.
Krubera Cave, Georgia
Krubera Cave is also known as the ‘cave of crows’ due to the amount of crows nestling at its entrance, giving it a menacing presence. It’s the deepest cave in the world, stretching down more than 2 kilometres. Climbers have described it as an ‘inverted Mount Everest’. Unlike many of the caves on this list, Krubera is still in the stages of being explored and limited largely to professionals, although there are other caves in Abkhazia that are open to tourists.